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United Mexican States
Mexico LF.gif
Location  North America
Capital  Mexico City
Area  1,964,375 sq km
Population  125,959,205
"A volunteer is worth twenty pressed men"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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January 1

  • North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), an agreement to form a trade bloc between Mexico, Canada and the United States came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA was commenced to eliminate restrictions on the flow of goods, services, and investment in North America.[1]

January 2

January 3

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have found the first temple to the pre-Hispanic deity Xipe Totec, a god of fertility and war who was worshipped by sacrificing and skinning captives, as revealed on 3 January 2019.[2]
  • Archaeologists have uncovered a 1,000-year-old stone structure in Mexico that is believed to represent the creation of Earth in ancient Mesoamerica. The site, located in the foothills of the Iztaccihuatl volcano near Mexico City is named "Nahualac" and was revealed on 3 January 2018.[3]

January 4

  • Pope Francis named Alberto Suarez Inda of Mexico as a cardinal among a new batch of cardinals selected by Pope on 4 January 2015.[4]

January 5

January 6

  • Mexican film director Alfonso Cuarón’s Roma won the Best Motion Picture – Foreign Language award at the 76th Golden Globes awards on 6 January 2019.[5]

January 7

January 8

January 9

January 10

January 11

January 12

  • Mexican director Alfonso Cuaron won the best director award at the 71st Golden Globe Awards for his film Gravity on 12 January 2014.

January 13

January 14

January 15

January 16

  • A plan to overhaul Mexico’s public education system has been ratified by 18 of the country’s 31 states, allowing it to be enacted by President Enrique Pena Nieto, officials confirmed on 16 January 2013.

January 17

January 18

January 19

January 20

January 21

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 25

January 26

January 27

January 28

January 29

January 30

January 31


February 1

February 2

  • Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuarón won the Directors Guild of America (DGA)’s Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film for Roma on 2 February 2019.[6]

February 3

February 4

February 5

February 6

  • In a historic win, Alejandro G. Iñárritu of Mexico won the 2016 Directors Guild of America (DGA)’s Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film for The Revenant. Mr. Iñárritu is the first director to win the award in back-to-back years.[7]

February 7

February 8

February 9

February 10

  • Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuarón’s drama film Roma won the Best Film Award at the 72nd British Academy Film Awards on 10 February 2019.[8]

February 11

  • Mexican Professor Esperanza Martínez-Romero on 11 February 2020 was announced as the winner of the L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Award from Latin America region for her pioneering work on the use of environmentally friendly bacteria to support plant growth for increased agricultural productivity and reduced use of chemical fertilizers.

February 12

February 13

February 14

  • The Mexican space agency, Agencia Espacial Mexicana (AEM) and European Space Agency (ESA) signed a Cooperation Agreement on 14 February 2023 with an aim to allow Mexico and ESA to create a framework for more-intensive cooperation in joint projects in the future.[9]

February 15

February 16

February 17

February 18

February 19

February 20

February 21

February 22

  • Mexican film director Alejandro G. Iñárritu won the Best Director Award at the 87th Academy Awards on 22 February 2015.[10]

February 23

February 24

  • Mexican film Roma won the Best Foreign Language Film award at the 91st Academy Awards on 24 February 2019.

February 25

February 26

February 27

February 28

  • Mexican film director Alejandro González Iñárritu won the Best Director Award at the 88th Academy Awards on 28 February 2016 for his movie The Revenant. Alejandro became the third director to win back to back Oscars.[11]

February 29


March 1

  • An international team of researchers, including Mexican scientists, has for the first time identified a gene called IRF4 responsible for greying hair. Their study published in Nature Communications on 1 March 2016 confirms greying has a genetic component and is not just environmental.[12]

March 2

March 3

March 4

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have discovered a cave filled with hundreds of artifacts beneath the ruins of the Mayan city of Chichen Itza. The cave was found about two kilometers (1.2 miles) from the Temple of Kukulcan, about 24 meters (80 feet) underground, and contains multiple chambers connected by narrow passages, as revealed on 4 March 2019.

March 5

March 6

  • A baby hippo has born at Mexico City's Chapultepec Zoo - the first in 16 years, as reported on 6 March 2014.

March 7

March 8

  • Marisela Morales Ibañez of Mexico was presented with the 2011 International Women of Courage Award at a ceremony on 8 March 2011 for her leadership in bringing to justice some of Mexico’s most dangerous and notorious criminals.

March 9

March 10

March 11

March 12

March 13

March 14

March 15

March 16

March 17

March 18

March 19

  • Mexican driver Sergio Perez won the 2023 F1 Saudi Arabia Grand Prix from pole position representing Red Bull.
  • Isla Cozumel in Mexico, the biosphere reserve that encompasses diverse marine and terrestrial ecosystems rich in amphibian and reptile species, was added to the list of UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves on 19 March 2016. The list recognizes regions that have maintained a healthy economy while hanging on to significant environmental values.

March 20

March 21

March 22

March 23

  • Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Mexico on 23 March 2012 for a historic four-day visit. It was his first visit to Spanish-speaking Latin-America.[13]

March 24

March 25

March 26

  • A Mexican telecommunications satellite, Satmex-8, was successfully launched on 26 March 2013 aboard Russia’s Proton-M carrier rocket.[14]

March 27

March 28

March 29

  • Professor Susana López from the National University of Mexico was recognized for identifying how rotaviruses cause the death of 600,000 children each year at the 14th Annual L’ORÉAL-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science on 29 March 2012.[15]

March 30

March 31


April 1

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 5

  • Pujol in Mexico was named as the World’s 20th Best Restaurant for 2017.[16]

April 6

April 7

April 8

April 9

April 10

April 11

April 12

April 13

April 14

April 15

April 16

April 17

  • Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio was named on Time magazine's 100 most influential people list on 17 April 2019.[17]

April 18

April 19

  • The Mexican legislature passed a national Climate Change Act on 19 April 2012 that will impose binding emission reduction targets on successive governments. Mexico became the second country after the UK to pass a dedicated Climate Change Act and the first developing economy to deliver legally binding emission reduction targets.[18]
  • Mexican ecologist and environmentalist Julia Carabias Lillo was awarded the prestigious Champions of the Earth Award by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on April 19, 2005. She was honored for her efforts in coordinating research and rural development programmes in extremely impoverished peasant communities throughout her native Mexico.

April 20

April 21

  • Mexico on 21 April 2018 signed a trade deal with the European Union which will allow majority of the goods to move between Europe and Mexico duty-free.[19]
  • President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto was appointed as the Co-Chair of the United Nations High-Level Panel on Water on 21 April 2016.[20]

April 22

  • Archaeologists using a small robot have discovered three ancient chambers in 2,000-year-old tunnel, deep under the famous Temple of Quetzalcoatl, near the Pyramid of the Sun in Mexico, according to an official announcement on 22 April 2013.[21]

April 23

  • Gerardo J. Ceballos González from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México on 23 April 2014 was elected as a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences for his contributions in Evolutionary and Population Biology and Ecology.[22]

April 24

  • Mexico became the first country in the Americas and the third in the world after Oman and Morocco to eliminate trachoma, leading infectious cause of blindness, the World Health Organization (WHO) validated on 24 April 2017.

April 25

April 26

April 27

  • A team of international and Mexican researchers has discovered that Lizards that evolve larger toe pads are more likely to survive hurricanes. The research was published on 27 April 2020 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.[23]

April 28

April 29

April 30


May 1

May 2

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have discovered more than 100 black and red children’s handprints that date back over 1,200 years old on the walls of a cave on the Yucatán peninsula, as widely reported on 2 May 2021.

May 3

  • National Digital Strategy of Mexico won the 2016 WSIS Prize for their project titled MexicoX-Platform of Massive Open Online Course (MOOCS).[24]
  • Mexican website Rancho Electrónico won the 2015 Deutsche Welle Jury Award in the Privacy & Security category for producing detail reports on data security, encryption and surveillance in Mexico.[25]

May 4

  • Mexican author Yuri Herrera and his translator Lisa Dillman won the 2016 Best Translated Book award for his novel Signs Preceding the End of the World.[26]

May 5

May 6

May 7

May 8

May 9

May 10

  • Mexican President Felipe Calderon was awarded the prestigious 2011 Champions of the Earth Award by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on May 10, 2011. He was awarded for commitment to lead international efforts to combat climate change.
  • Adela Navarro Bello, a female journalist from Mexico, won the 2011 Courage in Journalism Award from the International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF) for her courageous journalism despite being targeted by drug cartels. IWMF officially announced the award on May 10, 2011.[27]

May 11

  • Mexican paleontologists have identified a new species of dinosaur, named Tlatolophus galorum, thought to have died around 72 million years ago in what is now Mexico's northern state of Coahuila. The discovery was revealed in the journal Cretaceous Research on 11 May 2021.[28]

May 12

  • In a study published on 12 May 2013 by Mexican researchers and their international colleagues, it is discovered that Utricularia gibba, a carnivorous bladderwort plant, has the shortest known DNA sequence of any multicellular plant and that it lacks "junk DNA", sequences of code that do not encode proteins.[29]
  • Pope Francis of the Catholic Church canonized Mother Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala from Mexico on 12 May 2013, turning her into the first Mexican saint.[30]
  • Carlos Carsolio, a Mexican mountaineer, became the fourth person to reach the summit of all fourteen eight-thousanders - 14 mountains that are over 8,000 meters high above sea level. Carlos climbed his last eight-thousander, Manaslu, on May 12, 1996.[31]

May 13

May 14

May 15

May 16

  • Mexican and American researchers have rediscovered Clarión Nightsnake, a species of snake that had been lost for almost 80 years, on a remote Mexican island. Their discovery was reported on 16 May 2014 in the PLOS ONE scientific journal.[32]

May 17

  • Mexico’s Andrea Meza was crowned Miss Universe 2021 in Hollywood, Florida and became the third Mexican woman in history to win the contest.
  • Lupita Jones from Mexico was crowned the Miss Universe title in 1991 at the age of 22. Lupita became the first Mexican woman to win the Miss Universe title.

May 18

  • Mexican politician and diplomat Patricia Espinosa Cantellano was appointed as Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 18 May 2016.[33]

May 19

May 20

May 21

May 22

  • Archaeologists have unearthed the skeletal remains of about 60 huge mammoths at a construction site in Zumpango outside Mexico City, according to the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) announcement on 22 May 2020.[34]

May 23

  • Mexican archaeologists have found nearly 5,000 well-preserved cave paintings made by hunter-gatherers in a northeastern Mexico mountain range where pre-Hispanic groups were not known to have existed, as reported on 23 May 2013.[35]

May 24

  • Mexican director Michel Franco won the Best Screenplay award at the 68th Cannes Film Festival on 24 May 2015 for his film Chronic.[36]

May 25

  • Mexican-born neurobiologist Arturo Álvarez-Buylla while working at the University of California was awarded the 2011 Prince of Asturias Award under the Technical and Scientific Research category on 25 May 2011 for providing solid proof of the regeneration of neurons in adult brains (neurogenesis) and for the discovery of what are known as mirror neurons.[37]

May 26

  • Mexico's Amat Escalante won the best director prize at the 66th Cannes Film Festival on 26 May 2013 for his ultra-violent film "Heli" about his country's blood-drenched drug wars.

May 27

May 28

May 29

  • Maritza Morales Casanova from Mexico received Rolex Awards for Enterprise at a ceremony at Rolex’s headquarters in Geneva on 29 May 2013 for building an environmental park in the Yucatán where children can have fun learning about conservation and become involved themselves in educating other young people on sustainability.[38]

May 30

  • Mexican Angela Camargo was named as one of the winners of the 2013 UNESCO's Young Scientist Awards for an assessment of the effectiveness of the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve to preserve populations and functionality of large bodied herbivorous mammals.[39]

May 31


June 1

June 2

  • Mexico elected Claudia Sheinbaum, a climate scientist and former mayor of Mexico City, as the first woman president in the country's 200-year history on 2 June 2024.

June 3

  • Mexican and international scientists using an aerial remote-sensing method have discovered the largest and oldest-known structure built by the ancient Maya civilization – a colossal rectangular elevated platform built between 1000 and 800BC in Mexico’s Tabasco state. Their findings were published in the journal Nature on 3 June 2020.[40]

June 4

June 5

June 6

  • Mexican formula one driver Sergio Perez won the Azerbaijan Grand Prix on 6 June 2021 representing team Red Bull.

June 7

  • A Mexican man received a double arm transplant at the National Institute of Medical Science and Nutrition (INCMN) in Mexico City. He became the first patient in Latin America to receive a double arm transplant, according to an official announcement on 7 June 2012.

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 11

June 12

June 13

  • Mexico, the United States and Canada won the right to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup after securing greater number of votes from the FIFA member nations on 13 June 2018.
  • A Mexican project titled Punto México Conectado Program won an award at the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Prizes 2017 in the Capacity building category.[41]

June 14

June 15

June 16

June 17

June 18

  • Mexico was elected as a non-permanent member of the United Nations (UN) Security Council on 18 June 2020 for two-year terms.[42]
  • Archaeologists have discovered a previously unknown Mayan city in the southeastern state of Campeche, Mexico which for its vast extension and characteristics is believed to have been a seat of government some 1,400 years ago, Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History said on 18 June 2013.[43]
  • Mexico hosted the seventh meeting of the Group of Twenty (G-20), a group of 20 major economies in the world, heads of government in Los Cabos, Baja California Sur, on June 18-19, 2012.[44]

June 19

June 20

June 21

  • Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul in Mexico was inscribed in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)’s World Heritage List on 21 June 2014.[45]

June 22

June 23

June 24

June 25

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have discovered remains of the giant woolly mammal, believed to be some 14,000 years old, near Mexico City in the village of Tultepec, as revealed on 25 June 2016.

June 26

June 27

June 28

  • The Government of Canada on 28 June 2016 pledged to lift the visa requirement for Mexican citizens visiting Canada. Starting on 1 December 2016, it is expected that Mexicans can enter Canada without a visa and be allowed to stay for up to six months.[46]

June 29

June 30

  • Mexico enacted a permanent ban on gillnet fishing in the northern Gulf of California on 30 June 2017 in a bid to protect the critically endangered porpoise known as the vaquita marina.


July 1

July 2

  • Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, the arid or semi-arid zone with the richest biodiversity in all of North America, in Mexico was inscribed on the UNESCO's World Heritage List on 2 July 2018.[47]

July 3

July 4

  • Mexican archaeologists have discovered a secret tunnel under the Pyramid of the Moon in the ancient city of Teotihuacán, northeast of Mexico City. The tunnel is believed to be about 33 feet (10 meters) deep, as revealed on 4 July 2017.[48]

July 5

  • The 16th century aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System in Mexico was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List on 5 July 2015.[49]

July 6

July 7

  • Mexican scientists discovered a complete fossil of a lizard that lived some 23 million years ago and whose soft tissue remains have been preserved in amber, as reported on 7 July 2013.
  • Chichen Itza, a large archaeological site, in Mexico was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World by New7Wonders Foundation. The Official New 7 Wonders of the World were announced in random order at the Official Declaration Ceremony on July 7, 2007 (07.07.07) in Lisbon.

July 8

  • A team of international and Mexican archaeologists based on DNA analysis has discovered that Indigenous Americans had contact with Polynesians 800 years ago, centuries before the arrival of Europeans. Their findings were published in the journal Nature on 8 July 2020.[50]
  • The UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee declared the Protective town of San Miguel and it’s Sanctuary in Mexico a World Heritage Site in 2008. A fortified town built in the style of Mexican Baroque contains masterpieces, churches and heavily decorated painted walls testifying the exchange between European and Latin American culture.[51]

July 9

July 10

July 11

July 12

  • Mexican astronomers and a team of international researchers have discovered a star about the size of Saturn – the smallest ever measured. The newly-measured star, called EBLM J0555-57Ab, is located about six hundred light years away, as revealed on 12 Jul 2017.[52]

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 16

  • The Mexican robotics team won a bronze medal in the Zhang Heng Award for Engineering Design category at the FIRST Global robotics competition in Washington DC on 16 July 2017.[53]

July 17

July 18

July 19

July 20

July 21

July 22

  • Chiquihuite Cave, located in a mountainous area in northern Mexico, was visited by humans around 30,000 years ago—15,000 years earlier than people were previously thought to have reached the Americas, according to the research published by Mexican and international scientists on 22 July 2020 in the journal Nature.[54]
  • Mexican paleontologists have uncovered 50 vertebrae believed to be a full dinosaur tail in the northern desert of Coahuila state, the National Institute of Anthropology and History in Mexico revealed on 22 July 2013.The tail is about 15 feet (5 meters) long and resembles that of a hadrosaur or crested duckbill dinosaur.[55]

July 23

  • Brenda Flores of Mexico won gold in the Women's 10000m race at the 2015 Pan American Games.[56]

July 24

July 25

July 26

  • Mexican football team won its seventh CONCACAF Gold Cup title with a 3-1 win over Jamaica on 26 July 2015.

July 27

July 28

July 29

July 30

July 31


August 1

  • The World Heritage Committee of UNESCO named the Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitia in the central valley of Oaxaca in Mexico as a World Heritage Site in 2010. They include pre-history caves, rock art and some of the earliest fragments of corn and maize production; proof of the earliest domestication of plants by prehistory peoples - which then gave rise to the Mesoamerican Civilizations.[57]

August 2

August 3

  • A remarkably preserved ancient flamingo fossil egg between 8,000 and 12,000 years old was uncovered at a busy construction site at the new Felipe Angeles airport in Mexico, as announced by the Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History on 3 August 2023.
  • Mexican photographer Anuar Patjane Floriuk was awarded the first prize at the 2015 National Geographic Traveler Photo Contest for a photograph of divers swimming near a humpback whale and her newborn calf off the western coast of Mexico.[58]

August 4

August 5

August 6

August 7

  • Fortune magazine listed Mexican businessman Carlos Slim as the richest person in the world in 2007. Mr. Slim was estimated to have $59 billions based on the market value of the firms he owns.[59]

August 8

August 9

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have uncovered a 1,500-year-old Teotihuacan village in Mexico City, complete with large concentrations of ceramics and three human burials, Mexico’s National Institute of History and Anthropology announced on 9 August 2023.

August 10

August 11

  • The Mexican government banned free baby formula at hospitals in an effort to encourage breastfeeding, as announced on 11 August 2015.
  • Mexico won its first ever Olympic gold in men's football on 11 August 2012 beating Brazil 2-1 in London.[60]

August 12

August 13

  • Mexican archaeologists have discovered that the main pyramid at Mexico's Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza was at least partially built atop a subterranean river, as revealed on 13 August 2015.[61]

August 14

August 15

  • Illegal logging has practically been eliminated in the western Mexico wintering grounds of the monarch butterfly, according to a research report released on 15 August 2012.[62]

August 16

August 17

August 18

August 19

August 20

August 21

August 22

August 23

August 24

  • The Mexican government and the Pronatura Noroeste, Mexico’s longest-standing and largest conservation organization, signed an accord to improve protection of a Pacific coastal lagoon that serves as a refuge for gray whales, as reported on 24 August 2012.

August 25

August 26

August 27

August 28

August 29

August 30

August 31


September 1

September 2

September 3

  • Officials at Mexico City's Chapultepec zoo on 3 September 2014 unveiled a litter of Mexican grey wolf cubs conceived by artificial insemination for the first time in Mexico.

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 7

  • Mexican photojournalist, Guillermo Arias, won the prestigious 2019 Visa d’or news photojournalism prize for his depiction of the Central American migrant caravans moving towards the USA.

September 8

September 9

  • Mexican director Guillermo del Toro won the Golden Lion for Best Film award at the 74th Venice Film Festival for his film The Shape of Water on 9 September 2017.[63]

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 13

  • Gustavo Perez Berlanga, CSR Senior VP, Toks Restaurant Group Mexico, was recognised as an 2017 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) pioneer by the United Nations Global Compact for empowering indigenous peoples.[64]

September 14

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 18

  • Martha Isabel Ruiz Corzo from Mexico was awarded the 2013 United Nations Champions of the Earth award for her innovative approach to protect local ecosystems.

September 19

  • Tere Gonzalez Garcia of Mexico was recognized as one of the 2016 UN Young Leaders for the Sustainable Development Goals for her role to a global movement to repurpose plastic soda bottles to create sustainable light sources.

September 20

September 21

September 22

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 26

September 27

  • Mexican film Güeros won the Horizontes award at the 62nd San Sebastian Film Festival in Spain on 27 September 2014.[65]

September 28

September 29

September 30


October 1

October 2

October 3

October 4

  • Mexico became a federal republic on October 4, 1824.

October 5

  • Mexican archaeologists on 5 October 2012 revealed that the ancient Mayas used watchtower-style structures at the temple complex of Chichen Itza to observe the equinoxes and solstices.[66]

October 6

October 7

October 8

October 9

October 10

  • Carlos Mondragón of Mexico won the Going Global Award for Kernaia, a platform for the collaborative production of creative content in indigenous languages, like movies, games, and books, at the 2016 Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Awards.[67]

October 11

  • Mexican writer Octavio Paz was awarded the 1990 Nobel Prize for Literature for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity.[68]

October 12

  • The 1968 Summer Olympic Games were held in Mexico City from October 12 to 27, 1968. It was the first ever Olympic held in Latin America.[69]

October 13

  • The United Nations (UN) General Assembly voted to elect Mexico as a new Human Rights Council (HRC) member for three years on 13 October 2020.
  • Mexican journalist and blogger Tamara De Anda was included in the BBC global list of 100 inspirational and innovative women for 2017.
  • Alfonso García Robles of Mexico, along with Alva Myrdal from Sweden, jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize for 1982 for their central role in the United Nations' disarmament negotiations.[70]

October 14

October 15

October 16

  • Mexico was elected to the UN Human Rights Council on 16 October 2017 for a 3-year term starting on 1 January 2018.[71]

October 17

  • Mexico won a seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council on 17 October 2019 for three-year terms starting in January, following a secret ballot held in the General Assembly Hall in New York.[72]

October 18

October 19

October 20

October 21

October 22

October 23

October 24

October 25

  • A team of international researchers from Mexico, Panama and the USA has unearthed nearly 500 smaller ceremonial complexes, dating to roughly 1100-400 BC, based on aerial remote-sensing techniques of a large region of Mexico, as revealed in the journal Nature Human Behaviour on 25 October 2021.[73]

October 26

October 27

  • Mexico was elected as a council member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on 27 October 2014 for four years from the Americas region. ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.

October 28

October 29

  • Archaeologists in Mexico have discovered a wooden canoe used by ancient Mayans and believed to be more than 1,000 years old in the state of Yucatan in Mexico, as revealed on 29 October 2021.[74]

October 30

October 31

  • Mexican astronomers have discovered seven new large extragalactic radio sources called giant radio galaxies (GRG). The GRGs were found by visual inspection of radio images provided by two astronomical radio surveys, as reported on 31 October 2017.[75]


November 1

  • The Mexican and Cuban governments on 1 November 2013 signed eight bilateral agreements in different areas including tourism, trade, education and the environment.

November 2

November 3

November 4

November 5

November 6

  • Archaeologists from Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) on 6 November 2019 announced the discovery of at least 14 woolly mammoth skeletons in Tultepec north of Mexico City.

November 7

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 12

  • The United Nations General Assembly on 12 November 2013 elected Mexico to serve on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) for a period of three years beginning on 1 January 2014.

November 13

  • Researchers at Tecnologico de Monterrey in Mexico have created a low-cost robotic arm that could enhance online robotics education, allowing teachers to remotely demonstrate theoretical concepts explained during their lessons. This robotic arm, presented in a paper published in Hardware X on 13 November 2020, is fully open source and can be easily assembled by all teachers and educators worldwide.[76]

November 14

November 15

  • Photographer Claudio Contreras Koob of Mexico won the First Prize at the 2017 National Wildlife Federation Photo Contest in the Baby Animals category.[77]

November 16

  • Paleontologists in Mexico have identified a new species of gigantic ancient sea monster, dubbed Yaguarasaurus regiomontanus. The discovery was reported in a paper published in the Journal of South American Earth Sciences on 16 November 2023.[78]

November 17

November 18

  • Mexican Nobel Chemistry Laureate Mario Molina was announced as a winner of the UN’s top environmental accolade the Champions of the Earth award on 18 November 2014 for his lifetime of service to the planet.

November 19

November 20

  • Mexico and the United States on 20 November 2012 signed a pact for new rules on sharing water from the Colorado River, capping a five-year effort on how to spread the pain of drought and reap the benefits of wet years. The far-reaching agreement gives Mexico badly needed water storage capacity in Lake Mead, which stretches across Nevada and Arizona.[79]

November 21

November 22

  • Javier Valdez Cárdenas from Mexico was one of the recipients of the Committee to Protect Journalists' 21st Annual International Press Freedom Awards. Javier was awarded at a ceremony on 22 November 2011 for his prolific coverage of drug trafficking and organized crime.[80]

November 23

November 24

November 25

November 26

November 27

  • Mexican women’s football team won gold at the 2014 Central American and Caribbean Games in Veracruz, beating Colombia 2-0 in the final.
  • Maritza Morales Casanova of Mexico, who is building an environmental park in the Yucatán where children can have fun learning about conservation and become involved themselves in educating other young people on sustainability, was announced as one of the 2012 Rolex Young Laureates.

November 28

November 29

November 30

  • Leydy Pech of Mexico was named as one of the winners of the 2020 Goldman Environmental Prize for leading a coalition that successfully halted Monsanto’s planting of genetically modified soybeans in southern Mexico.[81]
  • Mexican men’s water polo team won gold at the 2014 Central American and Caribbean Games in Veracruz.


December 1

December 2

  • Mexican biologist José Sarukhán Kermez received the United Nations' highest environmental accolade, the Champions of the Earth award, in the Lifetime Achievement category for leading students, fellow researchers and politicians to a greater understanding of biological diversity and its value.

December 3

  • Dr. Alfonso Aguirre-Muñoz of Mexico was awarded the 2016 MIDORI Prize for Biodiversity by the United Nations for his work for four decades on the conservation and sustainable management of coasts, islands and seas, with emphasis on the Mexican insular ecosystems.[82]

December 4

December 5

  • Mexican singer-songwriter Thalía was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 5 December 2013. It was the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame awarded to a Mexican singer.

December 6

December 7

December 8

  • Miss Mexico Vanessa Ponce de Leon was crowned as the 68th Miss World in Sanya, south China's Hainan Province on 8 December 2018.

December 9

  • Archaeologists have discovered fossilized remains of a 1.8-million-year-old whale in a small fishermen's community in the Mexican state of Guerrero, as revealed on 9 December 2016.

December 10

  • The Mexican Supreme Court of Justice provides legal protections for constitutional rights of Mexican citizens and residents received the 2013 United Nations Human Rights Prize.[83]

December 11

  • Mexican archaeologists have found remains of 119 more people, including women and several children, in a centuries-old Aztec “tower of skulls” in the heart of the capital, as revealed on 11 December 2020.
  • Ensenada, Puebla and San Cristóbal de las Casas of Mexico were declared as the members of the 2015 UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the Gastronomy, Design and Crafts and Folk Art categories respectively.[84]

December 12

December 13

December 14

December 15

December 16

December 17

December 18

December 19

  • Standard & Poor's (S&P), a financial services company, on 19 December 2013 raised its sovereign long-term foreign currency credit rating for Mexico by one notch to BBB-plus. The upgrade moves Mexico higher into investment-grade territory with a stable outlook.

December 20

December 21

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 26

December 27

December 28

December 29

December 30

December 31